. 10:25; 12:37; 20:30-31; Acts 2:22; Heb. Second, since Paul was using the metaphor of a building, he was thereby pointing out the following: Just as a building has a foundation and superstructure, so the Church has a foundation and superstructure. A third indication of change for Jesus and His ministry was His Matthew 16:18 declaration. First, in Ephesians 1:20-23, Paul taught that God gave Christ the position of Head to the Church in conjunction with Christ’s being seated at God’s right hand after His ascension to Heaven. Old Testament Israel had a national language, but the New Testament Church does not have a national language. In His Mosaic Covenant relationship with Israel, God established and regulated that nation’s earthly, political government, but in His New Covenant relationship with the New Testament Church, God does not even establish an earthly, political government for the Church. The context indicates that this is so, for in Ephesians 3:5, where Paul referred to the apostles and prophets again, he said, “as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets.” Through the use of the word “now,” Paul made it clear that the prophets to whom he referred were living during the time of himself and the other apostles. The good news is that, when Christ does return to the earth at the end of the Tribulation, Israel will be ready, willing, and eager to receive Him, and proclaim, “Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord” (Matt. Regeneration was not required of those at Mount Sinai in order to enter the Mosaic Covenant relationship with God, and future generations of Israelites entered that covenant relationship by virtue of their physical birth to Israelite parents, not by virtue of a spiritual birth. If Israel has been condemned to extinction, and there is no divinely ordained future for the Jewish nation, how does one account for the supernatural survival of the Jewish people since the establishment of the Church, for almost 2,000 years against all odds? Second, in Ephesians 4:8, 11-12, Paul indicated that in conjunction with His ascension to Heaven Christ gave spiritual gifts to human beings so that the body of Christ, the Church, could be built. 21:43). Pastor Daryl Hilbert . He declared that Gentiles are no longer strangers and aliens, but are members of the “household of God” (v. 19). The Holy Spirit led the early leaders of the New Testament Church to recognize this distinction which God had made between Old Testament Israel and the New Testament Church (Acts 15:1-29). In light of Israel’s obvious determination, in Matthew 16 Jesus began to give His apostles several indications to the effect that things would change significantly for Him and His ministry. 23:39). Written by the priests of Israel, the books of Chronicles view Israel’s religious institutions, the temple, priesthood, offerings and feasts, as the essential elements of her national life. And this morning we come to the subject of "God's Original Design in Creating Male and Female," something that 40 years ago would have seemed so kind of basic, but in today's culture needs a full-length message, I believe. Old Testament Israel had a national army with which to fight military battles against other nations, but the New Testament Church does not have such an army. Brief passages may be quoted in reviews or other article. None of the curses or blessings pronounced upon Israel refer directly to the Church. So, if we are not to suffer from spiritual myopia, we must recognize what the Lord is doing with Israel, not shrinking from it as though our own interests will be overshadowed. 30:7) also known as the Great Tribulation. If there were any purpose for the existence of the Jewish people, it was to remind the world of the severe judgment of God upon a disobedient people. After the crucifixion, the curtain of the Jewish sanctuary was torn in two (Mk 15:37-39, Lk 23:44-46, Mt 27:51) and the fledgling Church became the New Israel. Ultimately the Church and Israel become unified. This article is scheduled to appear in the Dictionary of Premillennial Theology, to be published by Kregel Publications. To be sure, Israel has been side-lined during these past 1,900 years of the Diaspora. However, he had come to the conclusion that this view was “carnal,” and had adopted the view that the reign of Christ would be something more “spiritual,” and would actually occur during the Church Age. It consists of all people who have had the Covenant of Grace relationship with God regardless of the period of history in which they have lived. We will return from Heaven with Him as His glorious Bride to rule Israel and the world. Israel's not being redefined in Romans 9 to 11 because that chapter opens with Paul saying, "I'm weeping over the people that I'm talking about. This determination had become obvious before Jesus’ Matthew 16 declaration that He would build His Church. 2:11-12). Sometimes, the professing Church itself (I speak to our shame) has been a cause of these persecutions to the Jews. be killed, and be raised again the third day,” reveal the fact that Jesus had never clearly declared His death and resurrection to the apostles prior to this time. Thus, the prophecies relating to the blessing and restoration of Israel to the Promised Land are “spiritualized” into promises of blessing to the Church. Old Testament Israel was an earthly, political state with an earthly capital city, an earthly political government and political rulers, but the New Testament Church is not an earthly, political state. 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